[原创]请问:prosody在语料库语言学中是什么意思?

tiger

高级会员
#2
语言学中prosody就是韵律,在语料库语言学中有特别的意思吗?
能否告知上下文?
 

xiaoz

永远的超级管理员
Staff member
#3
prosodic annotation

semantic prosody: (quite different from "semantics and prosody") see another post for discussion of this.
 

xujiajin

管理员
Staff member
#4
um, I guess s/he is meaning semantic prosody.

Additionally, prosodically annotated spoken corpus data can be very helpful in finding suprasegmental features of speech.
 

lyyan

初级会员
#5
Thanks very much for giving me wonderful answers. Yes, what I hope to know is semantic prosody, could you tell me what it is in Chinese?
 

xiaoz

永远的超级管理员
Staff member
#6
http://www.corpus4u.com/forum_view.asp?view_id=180&forum_id=34
http://www.corpus4u.com/forum_view.asp?view_id=435&forum_id=56
http://www.corpus4u.com/forum_view.asp?view_id=477&forum_id=56
http://www.corpus4u.com/forum_view.asp?view_id=434&forum_id=56
 

lyyan

初级会员
#8
I have read Xiao's paper, thanks very much for introducing the paper to me. Could we explain it like this: semantic prosody is the affective meaning or connotational meaning produced when a node occurs together with its collacates.

Hope to get instruction!
 

xiaoz

永远的超级管理员
Staff member
#9
I would entirely agree with you in your definition if the statement "or connotational meaning" is removed.

True, semantic prossodies are often conflated with connotations in the literature, but to my understanding, connotational meanings are inherent in lexcial items whereas semantic prosodies are essentially collocational.
 

lyyan

初级会员
#10
I see, thanks for instruction. Are there any equivalent translation in Chinese for 'SEMANTIC PROSODY' and 'SEMANTIC PREFERENCE'?
 

xujiajin

管理员
Staff member
#11
语义韵for the former, but good equivalent for the latter. I would use 语义倾向.

Semantic preference is not so technicalized or agreed a term as semantic prosody.
 
#14
"As with idioms, we can describe a complex lexical item holistically as a semantic unit whose meaning cannot be inferred from decomposing it into the smaller lexical items it consists of. It is, however, a matter of degree to what extent the meaning of a complex lexical item is independent of the meaning of the parts it is composed of. Sometimes it can be useful to describe a complex lexical item by assuming that its node is imbued with certain semantic (usually connotative) features inherent in the other elements that the complex lexical item consists of. This approach turns our attention to the phenomenon called semantic prosody (for connotative features) or semantic preference (for denotation features.)" (摘自wolfgang, My version of corpus linguistics)

semantic prosody 的意思为语义韵(见杨慧中,语料库语言学导论,P266)
semantic prference 我还没在哪本参考书上看到过。但Dr.Xu 的翻译我觉得还是非常恰当的。
 

xiaoz

永远的超级管理员
Staff member
#15
I don't think the connotation vs. denotation distinction proposed by Wolfgang is relevant in any way to the distinction between semantic prosody vs. semantic preference.
 

lyyan

初级会员
#16
I read a sentence from the paper of Richard Xiao and Tony McEnery:
"semantic prosodies are typically negative, with relatively few of them bearing an affectively positive meaning ... "

Could you tell me why "semantic prosodies are typically negative"?
 

xiaoz

永远的超级管理员
Staff member
#17
A really good question indeed. The corpus-based approach is good at showing you what you see - or even what you never think you will see, but never tells you why that is so. You will need to use other methodolody and knowledge - maybe psychology and siciology in this case - to find out answers to such questions.


This is what Louw (2000: 52) says -

The fact that negative prosodies are more frequent than positive ones ought not to surprise us greatly. In the same way that unrequited love forms most of the subject matter for the greatest love poetry in English and not requited love (with the superb exception of John Donne's The Good Morrow), we ought not to be surprised to find that contented human beings utter much less than discontented ones. Besides, requited love is a fairly busy and time consuming state and one which is as inimical to the act of writing. However, if fracture and discord are the basis of unhappy contexts of situation, then the over-provision of intimacy, comfort, food, drink and possessions are likely to form the basis of contented situations. John Sinclair long ago indicated to the author (personal communication) that the author might find the positive prosodies clustering around forms such as warm.

The concordance for warmth and bears this out and creates scope for the investigation of positive prosodies with objectivity rather than schmaltz. However, it should be noted that this concordance for warmth and (Appendix 3) does not single out a semantic prosody, because its authorial function hardly rises above the banal and it fails too on the related criterion of pragmatism. It is a good example, however, of the strong provision of connotation.


Can you think out a more reasonable explanation?
 
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